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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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conflict with the Soviet Union and for this they must answer before a
tribunal of the Polish people."
The trial did not explain why the Russian Government had not im-
mediately informed the British and American Governments regarding
these so-called * crimes ' of the Polish leaders, nor why the Chairman of
the f Lublin Committee ' had continued to deny the arrest of these men
a month after it had occurred, neither why the accused had coine forward
voluntarily and with such willingness at the invitation of the Soviets., if,
as the prosecutor said., they had led an armed campaign against Russia
and collaborated with Germany. The accusation also included the
point that General Okulicki had met the Soviet representatives with com-
promising documents on his person which proved that he was both acting
against Russia and co-operating with the Germans.
In the face of all this it can only be assumed that the Soviets endeavoured
to persuade these leaders of Poland to fall in with the Kremlin's plans but
since they had proved adamant, intended to secretly and silently liquidate
them. Owing, however, to the stir caused by the Polish Government
regarding the disappearance of their colleagues and the out-cry in
the World Press,, Moscow decided to stage one more political trial.
There were discrepances in this performance .... for instance, Molotcv
had declared at San Francisco that about 100 soldiers had been victims
of this criminal action on the part of the Polish Underground, but,
according to the accusation, this number was 594. It also seemed
remarkable that all the enumerated attempts took place exclusively
eastward of the * Curzon Line.' This could only be taken to mean,
therefore, that, while the Poles west of this e Line ' still anticipated
settling their argument with Russia peacefully, the Poles east of this
* Line,' on territory which had been annexed by the Soviets, were fighting
or rather defending themselves^ against the occupying forces.
The next extraordinary statement of the prosecutor was that the Poles
had co-operated with Germany. The latter country was never known to
boast of having had any Polish collaborators and it would be difficult to
visualise a section of the Polish people co-cperating with a country at a
time when it was virtually beaten.
In the documents of the Polish Underground seized by the Russian
police and quoted by the prosecutor, the word c Russia ' in every in-
struction issued by the Polish Government in London was substituted
for * Germany ' and the Russian prosecutor was accordingly able to state
that co-operation with the Germans had been planned by General Okulicki
during the Warsaw rising.
The Soviets were anxious to hurry the whole affair through. They
instituted the trial of these leaders of Poland, and sentenced them before
even the German war criminals—Goering or Frank or the others who,
for five yearSj had tortured the Polish people and who were responsible
for the death of millions, found themselves in the dock. The Soviet's